How to create a Counseling Practice Business or Private Counseling in the Philippines


How to create a Counseling Practice Business (Private Counseling)

Counseling is the activity of the counselor, or a professional who counsels people (gives them assistance, advice and guidance), especially on personal problems and difficulties. In the United States, one must hold at least a master’s degree in order to become a licensed mental health counselor. However, here in the Philippines, this practice is quite lax as far as regulations are concerned.  You could go for the Clinical Psychologist or any special medical field but it will require some edutcation. Or, you could become a life coach and counsel about life, finances, sports, marriage, or pretty much anything that develops the human psycho-social demeanor.

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Counselling history can be traced back to tribal times where people would come together in a group and shares their experiences, and sometimes their dreams.

As civilization developed, religion offered a type of counselling, usually by priests who would listen and advise parishioners on their problems.

In the  1890’s Sigmund Freud, a German neurologist developed a theory later to be called psychoanalysis, which allowed individuals to tell their problems to a ‘psychoanalyst’ an individual trained in interpreting the ‘subconscious’ , that part of or psyche that we are not aware of but influences what we do. Freud played an important part in the history of counselling but the actual word “counselling” did not come in to everyday language until the 1960’s.

Counselling really took off after the Second World War, in 1950’s America , most of the therapies we hear about today can trace their origins back to a handful of psychologists and psychiatrists (some of whom we will look at in this guide) who developed techniques and theories, sometimes referred to as ‘Schools’ of therapy.


There have been many developments in counselling since the 1950’s, lots of research has taken place  which gives us a better understanding of what makes human beings think and act in certain ways, however most psychologists and counsellors would agree that we are a long way from fully understanding what makes each human being unique.

When we consider the history of counselling it is worth noting that with the introduction of new techniques and research, the history of counselling is still being written today and that includes the Philippine’s need for counseling help. With the looming of extra marital affairs, psychological trauma, behaviorial and social deviations, and need for further psychological background services; this business will surely be profitable with the right person on the right field.



Identify the need for counseling

Quite often organizational policies, such as counseling associated with an evaluation or counseling required by the command, focus a counseling session. However, you may conduct developmental counseling whenever the need arises for focused, two-way communication aimed at subordinate development. Developing subordinates consists of observing the subordinates performance, comparing it to the standard, and then providing feedback to subordinate in the form of counseling.

  • Prepare for counseling.
  • Select a suitable place
  • Schedule the time
  • Notify the subordinate well in advance
  • Organize information
  • Outline the counseling session components
  • Plan your counseling strategy
  • Establish the right atmosphere
  • Conduct counseling


Be flexible when conducting counseling session. Often counseling for a specific incident occurs spontaneously as leaders encounter subordinates in their daily activities. Such counseling can occur in the field. Motor pool, barracks – wherever subordinates perform their duties. Good leaders take advantage of naturally occurring events to provide subordinates with feedback.

The counseling process does not end with the counseling session. It continues through implementation of the plan of action and evaluation of results.



Most counselors have a master’s degree or an advanced degree such as a PhD or a PsyD, but an associate’s or bachelor’s degree is a great place to begin a counseling career, particularly if a person wants to maintain flexibility in his specific counseling path. In general, an associate’s or bachelor’s degree is required for addiction counseling, career counseling and life coaching. An associate’s or bachelor’s degree also introduces a person to the wide variety of counseling career choices, which may help you to determine if counseling is the correct career path for you.


Licensing and/or Certification

Positions where an associate’s or bachelor’s degree is sufficient generally do not require licensing. For example, to work in basic addictions treatment, all that is necessary is a background in addiction, a degree in a related field, and work experience. This also goes for life coaching, marriage counseling or the sort.

In most cases, though, certification and licensure is a requirement to provide counseling services, and at the very least greatly increases the chances of employment. In order to become licensed, a counselor must past a certification exam provided by an accredited institution, and exhibit adequate training by submitting educational transcripts and internship reports. After obtaining a license, counselors must renew their licensing by taking several continuing education courses per year, to ensure that their skills are constantly being expanded, updated, and enriched.

Necessary Skills and Qualities

Counselors are expected to maintain high ethical standards, keeping their clients’ personal information confidential and upholding the values of their discipline. A counselor must never give away clients’ identities, diagnoses, or other personal information. Counselors are also required to respond appropriately to certain “mandatory reporting” scenarios – for example, if a patient or client expresses a desire or plan to harm another individual, a counselor must report the incident to the authorities immediately. Counselors must also be willing to maintain appropriate boundaries with their clients – romantic relationships between clients  and counselors are banned, as are intimate friendships, and violation of this rule can result in the counselor losing licensure.


Opportunities for advancement

A counselor can advance from an associate’s degree all the way to a PhD or other doctorate in the counseling field. They have the option to become educators who teach future counselors, in both academic and institutional settings. Some counselors choose to conduct research in effective counseling techniques, typically in universities or government research offices. A counselor might also enter management or supervisory positions, overseeing the training and work of other counselors.


  • Initial Disclosure

The first step involves building a relationship and focuses on engaging clients to explore issue that directly affect them. The first interview is important because the client is reading the verbal and nonverbal messages and makes inferences about the counselor and the counseling situation. Is the counselor able to emphasize with the client? Does the client view the counselor as genuine?


  • In-depth Exploration

While the counselor and the client are in the process of establishing a relationship, a second process is taking place, i.e. problem assessment. This step involves the collection and classification of information about the client’s life situation and reasons for seeking counseling.


  • Commitment to action

Setting goals is very important to the success of counseling. It involves making a commitment to a set of conditions, to a course of action or an outcome.


  • Counseling intervention

There are difficult points of view concerning what a good counselor should do with clients depending on the theoretical positions that the counselor subscribe to.


  • Evaluation, Termination or Referral

For the beginning counselor, it is difficult to think of terminating the counseling process, as they are more concerned with beginning the counseling process. However, all counseling aims towards successful termination. Terminating the counseling process will have to be conducted with sensitivity with the client knowing that it will have to end.



Counseling, in different forms and with the different interpretations, has existed in societies for a long time. Counseling has now become institutionalized. Schools, for example, have to a large extent taken over the task of providing psychological support to boys and girls.

The differences and contradictions in present-day counseling have their origin in the social and historical forces that have shaped modern culture. People in all societies, and at all times, have experienced emotional or psychological distress and behavioral problems. In each culture, there have been well established ways and methods of helping individuals with their problems.


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"Jay Penn" is a Financial Literacy Mentor and Investor who is best known for his Book "Polymath's Profit". He is also an expert in the field of Maritime, Engineering, and Emergency Medical from his past careers. Experienced with Security Analysis, Crisis Prevention, Contingency Planning, and Global Maritime Distress Safety System. Currently instructs Nautical Sciences and is an avid Researcher of Business and Economics. He is also recognized as the "Top Maritime Instructor" for 3 consecutive years in the Maritime Education from 2014; raising the standard for the Maritime Industry and Training.

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