For our tutorial on how to create a Duck business (Duck Raising Business) I am glad to say that this is one of the most lucrative business in the Philippines. Balot, Penoy, and Pulang Itlog (Salted Eggs) all came from the same source: DUCKS!
I have my own duck business before until Yolanda pretty much destroyed everything, but hey, it was fun while it lasted 🙂
So why duck business is lucrative? Simple: Filipinos like duck eggs. Actually most food businesses in the Philippines somewhat uses duck eggs but also duck meat. If you look at some fast food chains, they have this “leche” desserts that have duck egg ingredients on them. From bread, to dessert, to meat products – its all in the duck egg.
Another question is: How much is the initial cost to start?
When we started, we started with 30 ducks with 5 ganders. Fences and a Shed, and initial feeds for the next 2 weeks. It costs us roughly 50,000 Php (plus/minus).
Follow these steps for starters and you may be able to create your own Duck Business:
Above is an Example of a good duck stable/farm to be made for business.
- Find a location away from urban areas.
Ducks, by definition, are peaceful creatures and likes socializing. Humans are not one of their best guests though. They get stressed out very quickly and when they do, it affects their production of eggs. The same goes with noisy urban areas such as factories or pretty much any place where there is a lot of commotion. The location must also be large (somewhere around 50 sqm. for 25 ducks) so as to promote a spacious and relaxing habitat for them. So this business will rely mostly on location. Make sure you provide fences too, enough that a dog may not be able to enter it. You could use stick fences, but on our duck farm, we used fishing nets posted with bamboo poles- cheaper and could be accessed easily by the care taker.
- Water should be Nearby.
Water is one of the greatest commodity that Ducks will need to grow. If you raise them at a farm area, the water will attract snails. Snails provide nutrients such as Calcium that helps on good production of healthy duck eggs especially the shell. Water should be clean and irrigated from a nearby water source or atleast a natural source (spring, river, etc…). If there are no natural water source, then you could make one by digging a hole an creating an artificial pond. However, be cautious though as this process might contaminate the pond because of lack of running water. (This happened to us before and it terminated 12 of our ducks in a span of a day.) So decide wisely. Actually, a lot of our friends on this business before said that swimming water for ducks are not a necessity for production ducks. So I guess it depends on who operates the farm and their preferences.
- Feed them Naturally and Plenty
Common feed formulas could be bought from a nearby feed store in the Philippines but they could be very expensive. They promise good return, however, such feeds usually cannot cut the cost and become a burden on a later time. Usually we mix our own feeds and it is preferable as it saves a lot of money. Usually wheat grains or corn grains mixed with crushed crab shells, are good mixtures for feeds. So try one that results in better egg production. Remember, ducks who produce good eggs are good ducks.
- Sell them on a Higher Price
If you feed them fairly well, they will also produce good and healthy eggs. If female ducks can no longer lay eggs, you could sell them as culls for Duck Meat. On the other hand, duck eggs will fair a good price in the market.
We had before a tricycle and we collect the eggs (about 800 of them) every week or so and then we sell them to the highest bidder in the market. Usually, this is where you will get a lot of patrons and friends on which could give you a good deal while providing you with that good ole’ filipino hospitality.
By the time we have a good going (we had about 250 ducks then), we rack in over 10,000+ Php from the sell out, 5,500 Php for the transport and feeds, and that leaves us 4,500 Php for the saving. Usually we give 1,500 for the labor and that’s it. So more or less we get 3,000 weekly. Good money! And we do not do the work ourselves, we just have a care taker that feeds them and we just come by for collections til later on.
- Problems with Duck business.
There is bound to be a problem especially for poultry business such as this. One of them is sickness. As I have mentioned before, ducks are very sensitive to their food, and it affects their production but also their health. Care must be taken for them to not get into any disease, so stick with the plan.
Noise too is a big factor. Our ducks before pretty much stops their egg production whenever a storm is incoming (not all ducks, but MOST). If it is thunderous or there is a howling wind that exemplifies a big storm, definitely, the ducks will stop producing eggs. Fireworks is a big no no also. So do not expect any production when it’s New Year.
Other Animals can contribute to a loss of egg production. Such as stray dogs or even,- and I’ve seen it- SNAKES. Yes! Big, heavy, and slithering old Python that is common here in the Philippines. Dogs could be easily fended off with fences, but snakes could go to the smallest holes and could bite your Ducks (on our case, got eaten by that pesky snake.). So make sure that the stable is secured as I have included the fencing method on the picture above.
To sum it all, Duck raising either for meat or egg could be a nice business for you. The return of investment might be low at first but rest assured, after for a while, it will then turn to a greater profit. You have to be patient on this business, look for a good season to do this, and just remember though that not all business may succeed every time. Other than that, Good luck and let me know if you have any questions!